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'Caliph' calls for holy war, urges professionals to join Islamic State

Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi has called for a 'holy war' and asked skilled people with military, medical and managerial professions to join the Islamic State
Muslims stage a protest rally against the attacks by the extremist violence in Iraq, in The Hague on 29 June

The leader of militant group Islamic State (IS) has called on Muslims with military, medical and managerial skills to join a pan-Islamic state it say its created in Iraq and Syria.

"Those who can immigrate to the Islamic State should immigrate, as immigration to the house of Islam is a duty," said Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi in an audio recording released Tuesday.

In a message posted online that lasts over 15 minutes, Baghdadi also issues a call to a "holy war", Al Jazeera reported.

"By Allah, we will take revenge, by Allah we will take revenge, even if after a while," he said.

"They have a statement that will cause the world to hear and understand the meaning of terrorism, and boots that will trample the idol of nationalism, destroy the idol of democracy and uncover its deviant nature."

Baghdadi heads the extremist group, which on the weekend declared a "caliphate" in territories it controls in Iraq and Syria.

The newly named "caliph" said the appeal especially applied to "judges and those who have military and managerial and service skills, and doctors and engineers in all fields".

Baghdadi also addressed the group's fighters, saying that "your brothers in all the world are waiting" to be rescued by them.

The call comes after IS on Sunday declared a "caliphate," an Islamic form of government last seen under the Ottoman Empire, and ordered Muslims worldwide to pledge allegiance to Baghdadi.

The group that operates in both Iraq and Syria said their caliphate spreads from Aleppo in northern Syria to Diyala in eastern Iraq, and ordered Muslims in those areas to "obey" and pledge allegiance to their new leader.

Iraq under pressure for new government as turmoil deepens

Iraq's leadership was under increased pressure Wednesday to form a new government to deal with a militant onslaught that has threatened to tear the country apart, after parliament's first session ended in disarray.

Following a break called to calm soaring tempers, so many Sunni and Kurdish deputies stayed away from the session Tuesday that the quorum was lost and a speaker could not be elected.

Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki's bid for a third term has been battered by the extremist-led offensive that has seized large chunks of five provinces, adding fuel to dissatisfaction over persistent allegations of sectarianism and monopolising power.

The crisis has alarmed world leaders, displaced hundreds of thousands of people and polarised Iraq's Shiite, Sunni and Kurdish populations.

That disunity quickly manifested itself in what was the opening session of a parliament elected in April.

Kurdish lawmaker Najiba Najib interrupted efforts to select a new speaker, calling on the government to "end the blockade" and send withheld budget funds to Iraq's autonomous Kurdish region.

Kadhim al-Sayadi, an MP in Shiite premier Maliki's bloc, responded by threatening to "crush the heads" of the country's autonomous Kurds, whose regional leader Massud Barzani told the BBC they would hold a referendum on independence within months.

Some Sunni MPs walked out at the mention of the IS and enough Sunnis and Kurds did not return following the break therefore the session was without a quorum.

Political plans

Presiding MP Mahdi Hafez said the legislature would reconvene on 8 July if leaders were able to agree on senior posts.

However, the riotous atmosphere did not stop new MPs from queueing to register for their substantial pay and benefits, including weapons and guards, perks that anger ordinary Iraqis struggling with a flagging economy.

Under a de facto agreement, the prime minister is chosen from among Shiite Arabs, the speaker from Sunni Arabs and the president from Kurds. The three are typically chosen in tandem.

Washington quickly warned that "time is not on Iraq's side," with State Department spokeswoman Marie Harf calling for "extreme urgency".

Also Tuesday, the Pentagon said that the nearly 500 US troops sent to Baghdad to bolster security are equipped with Apache attack helicopters and small unarmed surveillance drones.

The US security contingent will concentrate on safeguarding access to the Baghdad airport as well as the embassy, a senior defence official who requested anonymity told AFP.

It looks increasingly as if Maliki is on the way out, despite his bloc having won by far the most seats in April.

He faces criticism from all three of Iraq's major religious and ethnic communities over allegations of sectarianism, sidelining partners and a marked deterioration in security that culminated in the 9 June  launch of the militant offensive.

"This has become a much more competitive race for the premiership," said Ayham Kamel of the Eurasia Group consultancy.

"The broad direction here is to be more inclusive, at least when it comes to the Sunni community, and figure out a power-sharing deal."

The vast majority of Iraq's Sunni Arab minority do not actively support IS, but analysts say anger over perceived mistreatment by the Shiite-led authorities means they are less likely to cooperate with the security forces.

Military success would boost Maliki

Kamel noted that any military successes could boost Maliki's chances, with thousands of troops taking part in an ambitious operation aimed at retaking the city of Tikrit, which fell on 11 June.

Iraqi forces initially wilted in the face of the onslaught but have since performed more capably, with officials touting apparent progress toward recapturing the city.

However, the cost has been high. Nearly 900 security personnel were among the 2,400 people killed in June, the highest figure in years, according to the UN.

Loyalists are battling militants led by the IS, which Sunday declared a "caliphate", an Islamic form of government last seen under the Ottoman Empire, and ordered Muslims worldwide to pledge allegiance to their chief.

The announcement is an indicator of the group's confidence, with the IS leader even calling Tuesday for skilled professionals to join, and it marks a move against Al-Qaeda, from which the group broke away.

The United Nations Tuesday raised alarm about "disturbing reports" of the recruitment of child soldiers and other "grave violations" against minors in the conflict, said Leila Zerrougui, the UN special representative for children and armed conflict

Meanwhile, IS militants captured Albu Kamal, a Syrian town on the Iraqi border, after three days of fierce fighting.