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Iraqi forces kill four protesters as Sistani calls on MPs to finalise electoral reforms

Top Iraqi cleric urges parliamentarians to push through proposed electoral reforms in bid to end ongoing unrest
Iraqi protesters have rejected proposals of electoral reforms and continue to call for the government to step down (Reuters)

Iraqi forces killed at least four protesters in Baghdad, after the country's most senior Shia cleric called on politicians to pass electoral reforms to help stem anti-government protests.

Police fatally shot two protesters with live ammunition and two others died after police fired tear gas at them, an unidentified medical source told the AFP news agency on Friday.

It was unclear if the demonstrators died because of tear gas inhalation or if they were struck by tear gas canisters.

On Thursday, Iraqi forces had fired live ammunition and tear gas canisters directly at the heads of protesters, Reuters reported, citing Iraqi security and medical officials.

At least four protesters were killed that day, while 40 others were injured.

The death toll continues to mount in Iraq, which has seen a widespread wave of anti-government protests over the last month.

Iraqi security forces have ramped up their crackdown on the protesters, who are calling for an end to corruption and for the government to step down.

Since the protests began, more than 340 people have been killed and thousands wounded.

Rights groups have slammed security forces for firing tear gas canisters directly at protesters, killing many.

Iraqi politicians have so far resisted the protesters' call for them to step down, instead proposing a series of measures aimed at changing Iraq's electoral system.

Protestors have moved to major bridges in Iraq to protest corruption in the country (MEE Graphics)
Protesters have moved to major bridges in Iraq to protest corruption in the country (MEE Graphics)

The protesters have rejected those proposals.

Demonstrators have occupied Baghdad's central Tahrir Square over four consecutive weeks and their protests have spread onto bridges leading to the western bank of the Tigris river - an area that houses the Iraqi parliament, the prime minister's office, several ministries and the central bank, as well as foreign embassies.

Meanwhile, also on Friday, Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani called for Iraq's politicians to push through their proposed electoral law reforms in a bid to end the political unrest. 

"We affirm the importance of speeding up the passing of the electoral law and the electoral commission law because this represents the country moving past the big crisis," his representative said during a sermon in the holy city of Kerbala.

Sistani has previously said that the demonstrators held legitimate demands and that they should not be met with violence.

Iraqi parliamentarians are set to meet on Saturday to interrogate the country's industry minister as part of a planned government reshuffle.

Earlier this week, they began discussing a draft electoral law that would shrink the size of parliament and distribute votes according to a complex, hybrid system.

Still, the United Nations mission in Iraq (UNAMI) said the draft law "requires improvements to meet public demands".

Critics of the current law say it favours entrenched political parties over independents and is vulnerable to corruption and seat-buying.

The last Iraqi elections in May 2018 produced a parliament in which no bloc had a clear majority.