Op-Ed video: A Saudi-Israel deal will happen. It's a question of when, not if
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu wants the deal to boost his growing unpopularity, and wants to use the normalisation to cement his legacy as the Israeli leader who sealed a deal with one of the Arab world's richest powers.
US President Joe Biden wants to be the deal's handmaiden, and views it as a vital foreign policy success ahead of the 2024 election.
Meanwhile, Saudi Arabia's powerful Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman has a very detailed shopping list, and wants US weaponry, a defence agreement and a civilian nuclear programme in exchange for normalisation.
"The major challenge, however, is the issue of Palestine," says Doyle.
"Saudi Arabia has made clear that it wishes to see some serious progress on this. It has been in regular discussions with the Palestinian leadership who have also been in Saudi Arabia.
"Just quite where they will set the lines is not clear."