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Silence for arms: Egypt’s secret deal with the EU

European Union countries have increased their arms sales to Egypt significantly since general-turned-president Abdel Fattah el-Sisi seized power following a military coup in 2013.

Despite Egypt's poor human rights record, EU countries including the United Kingdom exported or licensed at least $11bn worth of arms to Egypt between 2013 and 2020.

Has Egypt succeeded in reforming its relations with European governments through so-called “silence for arms”?